Fabric Inspection process in Apparel Industry | Texhour.com
Check the fabric for physical parameters against purchase order and approved standard – construction, width, gsm, color, handfeel, pattern repeat.
Fabric Inspection process
At the time of receiving FOB (first of bulk):
1. Check the fabric for physical parameters against purchase order and approved standard and they are
2. Check also for shade variation, visual appearance, shrinkage, and colorfastness.
After receiving bulk fabric:
1. Fabric inspection is usually conducted when at least 80% of consignment or lot is received.
2. The physical parameters (as for FOB above) are checked first.
3. The fabric is arranged dye-lot wise, and a gsm circle cut from each fabric roll to record shade families. This exercise is called shade banding.
4. For the main inspection, a minimum of 10 percent of the total rolls is selected at random, with at least one roll in each colorway.
5. All inspection results are fully documented roll by roll.
6. The approved standard of First of Bulk and the approved FPT must be available before starting the inspection.
7. Shade variation is checked from beginning to end of the roll completely.
8. All defects must be flagged during inspection
9. The length (or weight, in case of knits) of each roll inspected must be compared to the ticketed tag, and any deviation must be documented and reported for the replacement to avoid the shortage.
10. If a patterned (yarn dyed or printed) fabric is being inspected the repeat measurement must be done from the beginning, middle and end of selected rolls.