Production process in Garment Industry | Texhour.com
The production process starts with cutting the fabric and ends with the packing. The production processes are cutting, printing, embroidery, sewing, thread trimming, washing, ironing, folding and packing.
Production process in Garment Industry
The production process starts with cutting the fabric and ends with the packing. Here we may see a short note about it.
Printing or Embroidery
Folding and packing
* Using a cutting machine, the fabric is cut into pattern shapes and then separated.
* It can be done by both manual spreading and automated spreading.
* Then the ticketing process takes place which counts the cut panel, bundled and the cut panels are taken to the sewing room.
* Cutting the fabric in exact measurement and shape will add the value to the quality of a garment.
* Cutting is a very important process because 70% of the total cost of the garment is fabric.
* Garment panels are stitched together by sewing machines in the sewing room.
* In sewing, two Dimensional (2D) fabric patterns are converted into three (3D) Dimensional forms.
* Quality checker or supervisor are inspecting the garments randomly to check the seam quality, the shape of the garment and other specifications to rectify the mistakes in advance.
* An operator runs the machine and uses sewing threads to join garment parts together.
* Various types of sewing machines are available for sewing and these machines are selected according to the seam and stitch requirement.
* In the apparel industry, traditionally, sewing machines are laid in a row.
* After stitching, all hanging threads are cut with a hand trimmer.
* This can also be done using Auto thread trimming machines and all loose threads inside a garment are also removed.
* The basic quality requirements are garments without any extra thread and broken stitches.
* By the buyer requirement, the washing or some special finishes are done.
* Normal stains and dirt are removed under the washing process.
* Checking of the garment for measurement, neck drop, and spotting the oil stains, broken stitches etc are considered as the finishing process.
* The quality checker checks the garments for whether it meets the standard of the buyer or not.
* Checking is normally done for visual appearance and measurements.
* Spotting is required to remove stains in the pieces.
* Special chemicals, (solvents) are used to remove various kinds of oil stains, marks, and hard stains.
* Each garment is then ironed with a press to remove creases.
Packing and Folding:
By the buyer's requirement, the packing is done and some of the common packing processes are
i. Folding the garment with tissue or cardboard
ii. Tags like the hang tag and sticker tag are tied with plastic Kimble or thread
iii. Packing the garment into poly bags
The garments are randomly checked by the quality checkers to confirm that the goods are packed enough.
* The shipment takes place once the goods are packed and before that quality inspection is done by the buyer's QC or third-party QC who approved by the buyer.
* If the buyer's QC or third-party QC approves the quality standards of the buyer, the shipment may take place.
The above short notes are all about the production process in the garment industry.