4 Basic Knit Stitches | Texhour
There are the four primary stitches that make up most weft-knit fabrics: knit (or plain) stitch, purl stitch, miss (or skip) stitch, and the tuck stitch. A tuck stitch is composed of a held loop, one or more tuck loops, and knitted loops. It is produced when a needle holding its loop also receives the new loop.
4 Basic Knit Stitches
There are the four primary stitches that make up most weft-knit fabrics:
1.knit (or plain) stitch
2. Purl stitch
3. Miss (or skip) stitch
4. Tuck stitch.
Knit and Purl Stitches
The Tuck Stitch
A tuck stitch is composed of a held loop, one or more tuck loops, and knitted loops. It is produced when a needle holding its loop also receives the new loop.
• The tuck loop assumes an inverted U-shaped configuration.
• In the diagram, the blue yarn is tucked behind the green yarn. The green yarn has been held and its legs are longer compared to the other knit loops.
• This lengthening of the legs produces a cell‐like opening in the fabric which provides a unique texture and looks.
• A frequent use of tuck loops is in pique fabrics. Pique means to pierce or to form a hole or opening. Note the cellular texture in this single pique fabric created by the tuck stitches.
• Tuck loops reduce fabric length and length-wise elasticity.
The Float Stitch
The float stitch or loop is often referred to as a miss, skip or slip stitch. A portion of the blue yarn is not formed into a loop but left straight because the needle was not raised to pick up the yarn.
• The floating loop, shown in blue, is not visible on the technical face of the fabric but is visible on the technical back of the fabric as a U-shape on the reverse of the stitch.
• Miss stitch (float stitch) fabrics are narrower than equivalent all-knit fabric because the wales are drawn closer together by the floats, and reducing width-wise elasticity and improving fabric stability.
• Float stitches are used in combination with tuck stitches and regularly knit loops to form jacquard designs. The floating thread is useful for hiding unwanted colored yarn when producing jacquard designs.
They are also used in terry and fleece fabrics as the pile at the back of the fabric.