LINEN (Cellulosic fiber) | Texhour
Linen is one of the most expensive natural fibers. It is made from the core of the flax stalk. It is valued for its exceptional coolness and freshness in hot weather.
LINEN (Cellulosic fiber):
• Linen is one of the most expensive natural fibers. It is made from the core of the flax stalk. It is valued for its exceptional coolness and freshness in hot weather.
• Linen is especially durable, being twice as strong as cotton. Linen always looks cool, crisp and clean – it is a “luxurious” fabric. It is composed of 70% cellulose and balance 30% is pectin, ash, wood tissue and moisture.
• The fiber is smooth and straight and very strong. It is more brittle and less flexible than cotton, so is more difficult to spin into yarn. Also, the fiber tends to break with constant creasing with sharp folds.
• Poor resilience hence wrinkles easily.
• Linen is highly water absorbent. It also becomes softer when washed.
• Good conductor of heat and feels cool.
• Damaged by mildew, perspiration, and bleach.
• Resistant to moths and carpet beetles.
• The surface of the fiber is non-porous and hard, making it difficult for dye penetration. The uneven dye penetration gives linen its characteristic look.
• The fiber is lustrous – however dyed linen yarn and the fabric is usually duller than cotton.
Pure linen is free from lint – the presence of lint indicates adulteration with cotton. In fact cotton spins well with linen, giving a yarn with higher strength and greater absorbency. For 100% linen, the yarn count definition is different from cotton – the Ne is the number of yarn hanks each 300 yards long which make one pound of yarn.