Nylon (Polyamide) and their Characteristics | Texhour

Nylon is a thermoplastic material, first used commercially in a nylon bristled toothbrushes. Nylon was intended to be a synthetic replacement for silk and replaced silk in military applications such as parachutes and flak vests, and was also used for vehicle tires.

Nylon (Polyamide) and their Characteristics | Texhour
Nylon (Polyamide) and their Characteristics

 

Nylon (Polyamide) and their Characteristics

Polyamides occur both naturally and artificially. Examples of naturally occurring polyamides are proteins, such as wool and silk. Synthetic polyamides are commonly used in textiles, automotive applications, carpets and sportswear due to their high durability and strength.

Nylon is a thermoplastic material, first used commercially in a nylon bristled toothbrushes. Nylon was intended to be a synthetic replacement for silk and replaced silk in military applications such as parachutes and flak vests, and was also used for vehicle tires.

 

Elasticity:

Nylon has good elasticity and the material returns to its original length without wrinkles or creases.

 

Heat Conductivity:

In a closed or tight construction, the air circulation through the fabric is limited, so these fabrics are good for winter apparel, such as windbreakers.

 

Absorbency:

Nylon fabrics have low absorbency and water runs off the smooth surface so the fabric dries quickly. This property makes nylon fabrics suitable for raincoats and shower curtains.

The disadvantage is that the fabric feels clammy and uncomfortable in warm, humid weather.

 

nylon

 

Characteristics:

Highly elastic, tear and abrasion-free, low humidity absorption capability, fast drying, no loss of solidity in a wet condition, crease-free, rot and seawater proof.

 

Application:

- Fine stockings (for example nylon)

- Outer sporting and motorcycle garments (for example Tactel, Cordura)

- Underclothes (for example Perlon).

 

Cleanliness and Wash-ability:

Nylon fabrics make easy-care garments. Dirt doesn’t cling to them & they can be washed easily or even be cleaned by using a damp cloth. They retain their shape after washing and never need ironing. Hot water weakens the fiber strength, so garments should be washed at 30 deg C.

 

Nylon whites are commonly referred to as color scavengers and should be washed separately to avoid greying. They easily pick up color and dirt from the wash water. Nylons, washed with other fabrics pick up color (even from the palest pastels) and develop a dingy grey appearance that is extremely difficult to remove.